Decorating the walls inside the visit is a rather laborious process, but fascinating if you do everything yourself. There are many ways to ennoble the interior due to the walls, but in any case, there are two stages before the completion of the work: rough and finish.
From complex to simple
Rough finishing of apartments is the preparation of the wall for finishing, decorative, or as it is also called – fine wall finishing. The main task is to give the wall as a perfectly even and smooth surface as possible, and the angles of the room are removed vertically and “rectangular”.
There are at least four methods of black wall decoration. The cheaper the process will cost, the more time it will be more cost and the efforts made. The most budgetary are the first two ways: putting with putty or plaster. Simpler – with drywall or wall decoration of chipboard.
The putty and plastering of the walls require certain skills, therefore, despite the relative cheapness of consumables, the work of invited finishes can be expensive. You can watch walls inside the house photo in our article.
The task is to align the surface with the help of a solution, eliminating all the excavations and bulges of the wall and the achievement of its absolute verticality.
To solve this problem, plumb lines and an auxiliary (rather primitive) device – beacons are used. Before starting to apply the mortar, the wall is “peeled off”: the old coating (plaster, paint, etc.). P.) – down to the base, brick or concrete. Then the surface is carefully primed and only after the soil has dried, a layer of putty or plaster is applied, gypsum-based mixtures. This interior wall decoration is a little laborious, but more durable.
Lighthouses are light metal profiles fixed on the wall strictly vertically from floor to ceiling every 1.5-2 m. As a result, by the gaps between the surface and the beacons, you can see where the wall is concave and where it is convex. If the “height difference” is significant (more than two cm), a reinforcing mesh is used in problem areas.
The solution is evenly distributed between the beacons along their upper edge using a trowel and is aligned to a perfectly flat surface by the rib of the so -called falcon – a perfectly flat wide wooden rail.
Drying of the solution can take several days (the terms, depending on the thickness of the layer, are indicated on the package). Then the wall is rubbed and polished with a metal “sponge” or sandpaper. Before proceeding with the finishing, the surface should be treated with an antiseptic solution – in order to avoid the appearance of mold, fungus and other unwanted fauna and flora.
Sheets and panels
The use of drywall sheets for interior wall decoration greatly simplifies the task. True, it should be remembered: it is not recommended to use it in damp rooms – over time, it is saturated with moisture and can be deformed. For this reason, finishing them with premises in dachas is generally contraindicated.
Plasterboard boards can simply be glued to the surface, set in mortar or screwed to the wall with dowels. But this is only if the wall is flat. Or nearly flat. More often it is necessary to build a transverse-proper frame, the beams of which can be made of galvanized metal profile or wood. Decorating the walls of the house with wood is considered a more expensive option for interior decoration, but at the same time it is also environmentally friendly.
In the latter case, they should be treated with an antiseptic and drying oil (lacquer). No matter how unpleasant, but in this case the wall will also have to be peeled off so that the fungus does not start in the cracks or under the old plaster. Then the entire wall is also treated with an antibacterial compound.
Sheets of drywall are fixed on the frame with self-tapping screws or screws. The main thing is to observe the evenness of the joints in the same plane.
But that’s not all. Upon completion of the installation of drywall panels, they need to be applied a thin layer of putty, and without fail using a reinforcing mesh over the entire surface. It would be ideal to putty after drying and plaster, and then sand everything.
And, finally, the easiest option for the primary wall decoration in rooms: using panels. The facade side of some of them contains decor elements, that is, at the same time, products are the subject of the finish that does not require additional work on the design of the walls.
The material for wall panels can be used very different: plastic, PVC, chipboard, MDF, etc. d. and t. P. Chipboard wall decoration is one of the most convenient and fastest ways to finish. The front side can be intended for further decoration, or it can “simulate” the structure of expensive wood species, bas-relief, “marble-like”, “granite-like” – there are many options.
The installation methods of such plates are similar to those used for the installation of drywall sheets. Wall decoration inside the house photo in a variety of variations – see below.
After “rough” – “clean”
There are so many options for finishing the walls of the premises that it makes no sense to single out any because of the variety of human tastes and preferences. These are ordinary, and liquid, and other wallpapers, and painting, and tiles, and vinyl, and advanced 3D panels. If you had a tree wall decoration at home, then it will be enough just to wipe the walls and then take care of them.
But a few tips might come in handy. For example, in places of intense pollution, it is quite acceptable to use materials that are not recommended for wet cleaning as decorative wall decoration. It is enough to first walk on such a surface with a light primer or varnish, and then it will become quite accessible to a wet rag.
In addition, the premises can be divided into functional sectors not only by the construction of partitions, the installation of screens or the arrangement of furniture, but also by purely visual effects achieved through the original finishing of the walls.
And then the effect of changing the angle is created: in one half of the room, the room looks completely different than when viewed from the opposite side. But that’s up to the designers. The work of plasterers and finishers is finished.